NCAA Legislation Summary
Student Athletes must retain Amateur Status Eligibility for Intercollegiate Athletics
Bylaw 12.01.1 - Only an amateur student-athlete is eligible for intercollegiate athletic participation in a particular sport.
Definition of Professional Athlete
Bylaw 12.02.4 - A professional athlete is one who receives any kind of payment, directly or indirectly, for athletics participation except as permitted by the governing legislation of the NCAA.
12.02.5 Professional Athletics Team. A professional team is any organized team that:
Is a member of a recognized professional sports organization;
Is directly supported or sponsored by a professional team or professional sports organization;
Is a member of a playing league that is directly supported or sponsored by a professional team or professional sports organization; or
Has an athlete receiving for his or her participation any kind of payment, directly or indirectly, from a professional team or professional sports organization.
Ways an Individual Loses Amateur Status
Bylaw 12.1.1 - An individual loses amateur status and thus shall not be eligible for intercollegiate competition in a particular sport if the individual:
Uses his or her athletics skill (directly or indirectly) for pay in any form in that sport;
Accepts a promise of pay even if such pay is to be received following completion of intercollegiate athletics participation;
Signs a contract or commitment of any kind to play professional athletics, regardless of its legal enforceability or any consideration received;
Receives, directly or indirectly, a salary, reimbursement of expenses or any other form of financial assistance from a professional sports organization based upon athletics skill or participation, except as permitted by NCAA rules and regulations;
Competes on any professional athletics team and knows (or had reason to know) that the team is a professional athletics team (per 12.02.5), even if no pay or remuneration for expenses was received; or
Enters into a professional draft or an agreement with an agent or other entity to negotiate a professional contract. (See184.108.40.206.1 for exception related to the professional basketball draft.)
Student-Athlete Securing Legal Counsel
Bylaw 12.3.2 - Securing advice from a lawyer concerning a proposed professional sports contract shall not be considered contracting for representation by an agent under this rule, unless the lawyer also represents the student-athlete in negotiations for such a contract.
Presence of Lawyer at Negotiations
Bylaw 220.127.116.11 - A lawyer may not be present during discussions of a contract offer with a professional organization or have any direct contact (i.e., in person, by telephone or by mail) with a professional sports organization on behalf of the student-athlete. A lawyer's presence during such discussions is considered representation by an agent.
Receiving Benefits from a Prospective Agent
Bylaw 18.104.22.168 - An individual shall be ineligible per 12.3.1 if he or she (or his or her relatives or friends) accepts transportation or other benefits from any person wishing to represent the individual in the marketing of his or her athletics ability. The receipt of such expenses constitutes compensation based on athletics skill and is an extra benefit not available to the student body in general.
Student-Athlete Receiving Free or Reduced Cost Services
Bylaw 22.214.171.124.1 - An athletics representative may not provide a student-athlete with professional services (for which a fee normally would be charged) without charge or at a reduced cost except as permitted elsewhere in this NCAA Bylaw. Professional services provided at less that the normal rate or at no expense to a student-athlete are considered an extra benefit unless they are available on the same basis to the general student body.
Other Prohibited Benefits
Bylaw 126.96.36.199 - An institutional employee or representative of the institution's athletics interests may not provide a student-athlete with extra benefits or services, including, but not limited to:
A loan of money;
A guarantee of bond;
The use of an automobile; or
Signing or cosigning a note with an outside agency to arrange a loan.